Lists of works cited: APA styleBooksJournal &Magazine ArticlesNewspaper ArticlesElectronic ResourcesMultimedia and Other Primary Resources
APA style is prominent in the social sciences, but is also used in other disciplines. If you don't see an appropriate example, check the APA style guide.
With a single author
Lukacs, J. (1981). Philadelphia: Patricians and philistines, 1900-1950. New York: Farrar, Straus, Giroux.
More than one author
Londraville, R., & Londraville, J. (2001). Dear Yeats, dear Pound, dear Ford: Jeanne Robert Forster and her circle of friends. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press.Edited book
I. Lodemel & H. Trickey (Eds.). (2001). An offer you can't refuse: Workfare in international perspective. Bristol: The Policy Press.
Edition of a book
Shakespeare, W. (1992). The tragedy of Hamlet, prince of Denmark (B.A. Mowat & P. Werstine, Eds.). New York: Washington Square-Pocket.
Book by a corporate author
National Research Council. (1999). Funding a revolution: Government support for computing research. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
Book of more than one volume
Singer, I. (1984). The nature of love. 3 vols. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Translated book
Clayton, A. (2000). Subterranean city: Beneath the streets of London (A. Bell, Trans.). Cambridge: Blackwell. (Original work published 1992).
See the APA Style Guide to Electronic References, p. 10.
Article within a book
Schwartz, J. (2001). The triumph of liberalism. In M. M. Klein (Ed.), The empire state: A history of New York (pp. 519-621). Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Encyclopedias and other multi-volume works
Boxer, B. (1995). Shanghai. In The new encyclopaedia Britannica (Vol. 15, pp. 273-277). Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica.
From print journals
Hitchcock, C. (2001). The intransitivity of causation revealed in equations and graphs. The Journal of Philosophy, 98, 273-299.
See the APA Style Guide to Electronic References, p. 7.
From full-text databases
See the APA Style Guide to Electronic References, pp. 3,7.
From printed magazines
O'Brien, J. M (2001, November 9). The making of the Xbox. Wired, 146-153.
From online magazines
Stokes, M. (2001, November). Why the west? Lingua Franca. Retrieved December 2, 2001, from http://www.linguafranca.com/print/0111/cover.html
Markosian, N. (2001). [Review of the book Semantics, tense, and time]. The Journal of Philosophy, 98, 325-329.
From print newspapers
Wilford, J. N. (2001, December 2). Artifacts in Africa suggest an earlier modern human. New York Times, pp. A1, A16.Newspaper article with no author
This stadium available. (2002, January 5). Chicago Tribune, p.10.
From online newspapers
See the APA Style Guide to Electronic References, p. 22.
From full-text databases
Wilford, J. N. (2001, December 2). Artifacts in Africa suggest an earlier modern human. New York Times. Retrieved December 4, 2001 from Lexis-Nexis database.
See the APA Style Guide for Online References for more detailed directions and for specific examples.
Kurtz, G (Producer), & Lucas, G. (Director). (1977). Star wars [Motion picture]. United States: Twentieth Century Fox.
Morrisey, S. (1985). Meat is murder. On Meat is murder [cassette]. London: Rough Trade Records.
Personal Letters (unpublished)
APA style requires personal letters to be cited in the text.
Allam, M. W (Speaker). (1987). Interview with L. Messmer. [Videorecording]. Interview with Lydia Messmer: Oral History. University Archives, University of Pennsylvania.