collage of ports

This site will be taken down June 30, 2018.

The Penn Online Research Tutorial (PORT) site was built with old software that is neither sustainable nor secure.
The pages have not been maintained, but they can be consulted for historical reference on the Internet Archive.
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Scholarly Documentation
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Different disciplines tend to use different styles of documentation. You may want to check with your professor to see if a particular style is preferred. Whatever style you use, be consistent. Choose one style and stick with it.

Citation styles by subject area:

Humanities: MLA or Chicago

Social Sciences: APA, Chicago, ASA

Engineering and Chemistry: ACS

Physics and Astronomy: AIP

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