Students are members of a community of scholars consisting of
peers and scholars around the world. This community depends on
regular communication to share ideas, results and methods. Scholarly
research incorporates ideas that are developed through the analysis
of primary and secondary sources, and consequently all scholarly
research builds on the works of others. Scholars
use the process of scholarly documentation to clearly identify how
they are relying on the work of others.
Proper documentation allows you to ethically
use the work of others while demonstrating
your research abilities and command of
The key to using information in an ethical and scholarly fashion
is a good understanding of the process of scholary documentation.
Scholarly systems of documentation usually involve citations
within the paper and a list of works cited at the end
of the paper. Citations are provided at points in your
paper where credit needs to be given to the works of others;
the list of works cited provides detailed information
about all the works that have been cited.
Use citations in the text of the paper to give credit:
In a discussion of the dietary
habits of early humans, Toussaint-Samat writes that "gluttony
is a mutation: an aberration of a need which it ends up
by controlling completely"(2).
Then include the cited work in the list of works cited:
Maguelonne. A History of Food. Trans. Anthea Bell.
Cambridge, MA: Blackwell, 1992.
There are several styles
of documentation, but whichever style you choose
be consistent. Select a style and stay with it throughout