collage of ports

This site will be taken down June 30, 2018.

The Penn Online Research Tutorial (PORT) site was built with old software that is neither sustainable nor secure.
The pages have not been maintained, but they can be consulted for historical reference on the Internet Archive.
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Keyword Search
Keyword searches allow you to search for any word(s) or phrase(s). In a Keyword Search, and is automatically added between search terms. Since Boolean operators and, or, and not are treated as search terms, do not use them unless they occur within a phrase, such as "savings and loan." For more advanced searches using Boolean operators, see Keyword Expert. Search terms can also be truncated to search for word variations.
Results are ranked using a relevancy algorithm (see below). Sort search results from new to old or old to new to locate the most relevant works by year.
* Select distinctive words (use truncation as necessary):
alchemy newton
dante petrarch sonnet?
globalization india economic
* Use quotation marks to search for phrases:
"single mother"
* Rank order of results in a relevance ranking search is determined by a relevancy algorithm. The factors that make a search result rise in the ranking are: uniqueness of search terms within the database, proximity of search terms to each other within the bibliographic record, number of different search terms present in a bibliographic record, and the fields (e.g., subject heading, author field, title field) in which the terms occur. Some of these, such as subject, carry extra weight.